Păsările protejate din Delta Dunării

August 27, 2017
Despre Delta Dunarii

Dintre toate zonele protejate din Rezervatia Biosferei Delta Dunarii, parca nici unele nu sunt atat de valoroase cum sunt coloniile de pasari. Unele permanente, altele temporare, coloniile reprezinta unele dintre cele mai cautate zone, atat de cei care fac observatii, de cercetatori, dar din pacate si de vanatori.

Colonii de pasari inventariate sunt in Rezervatia Biosferei Delta Dunarii peste 100. Cele mai multe dintre aceste colonii sunt mixte, cormoranii, lopatarii, tiganusii, starcii, egretele si alte specii vietuind si cuibarind impreuna, insa exista si colonii monospecifice. Dintre acestea din urma, cea mai cunoscuta este cea de la Rosca-Buhaiova, unde se gaseste cea mai mare colonie de pelican comun (Pelecanus onocrotalus) din Europa. Colonii se gasesc mai peste tot in Delta, iar unele dintre cele mai numeroase sunt cele de la Uzlina, Nebunu, Sacalin-Zatoane, Purcelu sau cele din sudul Rezervatiei, de la Grindul Lupilor sau Grindul Chituc. Din fericire, nici una dintre aceste colonii nu figureaza pe harti, iar celor care doresc sa faca observatii nu li se dau decat informatii orientative, tocmai pentru a incerca protejarea speciilor, mai ales in perioada de cuibarit.

Lista speciilor de pasari a caror conservare este prioritara in Romania.

1    Acvila de camp – Aquila heliaca – Imperial Eagle
2    Acvila mica – Hieraaetus pennatus –Booted Eagle
3    Acvila tipatoare mare – Aquila clanga – Greater Spotted Eagle
4    Acvila tipatoare mica – Aquila pomarina – Lesser Spotted Eagle
5    Ausel sprancenat – Regulus ignicapillus – Firecrest
6    Boicus – Remiz pendulinus – Penduline Tit
7    Brumarita de stanca – Prunella collaris – Alpine Accentor
8    Ciocanitoare de gradini – Dendrocopos syriacus – Syrian Woodpecker
9    Ciocanitoare de munte – Picoides tridactylus – Three-toed Woodpecker
10    Ciocanitoare de stejar – Dendrocopos medius – Middle Spotted Woodpecker
11    Ciocarlan – Galerida cristata – Crested Lark
12    Cius – Otus scops – Scops Owl
13    Cocos de mesteacan – Tetrao terix – Black Grouse
14    Codalb – Haliaeetus albicilla – White-tailed Eagle
15    Codobatura de munte – Motacilla cinerea – Grey Wagtail
16    Cojoaica de padure – Certhia familiaris – Treecreeper
17    Corcodel mic – Tachybaptus ruficollis – Little Grebe
18    Cormoran mic – Phalacrocorax pygmeus – Pygmy Cormorant
19    Crestet pestrit – Porzana porzana – Spotted Crake
20    Cristel de camp – Crex crex – Corncrake
21    Cuc – Cuculus canorus – Cuckoo
22    Cucuvea – Athene noctua – Little Owl
23    Dropie – Otis tarda – Great Bustard
24    Dumbraveanca – Coracias garrulus – Roller
25    Erete alb – Circus macrourus – Pallid Harrier
26    Erete sur – Circus pygargus – Montagu’s Harrier
27    Fasa de camp – Anthus campestris – Tawny Pipit
28    Gaie neagra – Milvus migrans – Black Kite
29    Gaie rosie – Milvus milvus – Red Kite
30    Ghionoaie sura – Picus canus – Grey-headed Woodpecker
31    Ghionoaie verde – Picus viridis – Green Woodpecker
32    Grangur – O riolus oriolus –Golden Oriole
33    Grelusel de stuf – Locustella luscinioides – Savi`s Warbler
34    Lacar cafeniu – Acrocephalus agricola – Peddyfield Warbler
35    Lacar de mlastina – Acrocephalus palustris – Marsh Warbler
36    Lacar de stuf – Acrocephalus scirpaceus – Reed Warbler
37    Lacar mare – Acrocephalus arundinaceus – Great Reed Warbler
38    Lacar mic – Acrocephalus schoenobaenus – Sedge Warbler
39    Lacustar – Sturnus roseus – Rose-coloured Starling
40    Lopatar – Platalea leucorodia – Spoonbill
41    Mierla gulerata – Turdus torquatus – Ring Ouzel
42    Muscar gulerat – Ficedula albicollis – Collared Flycatcher
43    Muscar mic – Ficedula parva – Red-breasted Flycatcher
44    Pelican comun – Pelecanus onocrotalus –White pelican
45    Pelican cret – Pelecanus crispus – Dalmatian Pelican
46    Pescaras albastru – Alcedo atthis – Kingfisher
47    Pescarel negru – Cinclus cinclus – Dipper
48    Pitigoi codat – Aegithalos caudatus – Long-tailed Tit
49    Pitigoi de stuf – Panurus biarmicus – Bearded Tit
50    Pitigoi sur – Parus palustris – Marsh Tit
51    Prepelita (pitpalac) – Coturnix coturnix – Quail
52    Presura de stuf – Emberiza schoeniclus – Reed Bunting
53    Presura sura – Miliaria calandra – Corn Bunting
54    Prigorie – Merops apiaster –Bee-eater
55    Privighetoare de balta – Acrocephalus melanopogon – Moustached Warbler
56    Rata rosie – Aythya nyroca – Ferruginous Duck
57    Serpar – Circaetus gallicus – Short-toed Eagle
58    Sfrancioc cu frunte neagra – Lanius minor – Lesser Grey Shrike
59    Sfrancioc rosiatic – Lanius collurio – Red-backed Shrike
60    Silvie de camp – Sylvia communis – Whitethroat
61    Silvie de zavoi – Sylvia borin – Garden Warbler
62    Silvie mica – Sylvia curruca – Lesser Whitethroat
63    Silvie porumbaca – Sylvia nisoria – Barred Warbler
64    Soim calator – Falco peregrinus – Peregrine
65    Soim dunarean – Falco cherrug – Saker
66    Starc de noapte – Nycticorax nycticorax – Night Heron
67    Starc galben – Ardeola ralloides – Squacco Heron
68    Starc mic – Ixobrychus minutus – Little Bittern
69    Sturz cantator – Turdus philomelos – Song Thrush
70    Tiganus – Plegadis falcinellus – Glossy Ibis
71    Uliu cu picioare scurte – Accipiter brevipes – Levant Sparrowhawk
72    Vanturel de seara – Falco vespertinus – Red-footed Falcon
73    Vanturel mic – Falco naumanni – Lesser Kestrel

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